The “podium + cap” buildings by both Herzog and de Mueron and SHoP Architects investigate
the relationship between existing, historic structures and new additions. The new additions are forms which contrast yet accentuate the existing architecture, embodying
ephemerality and permanence. Through this contrast - the new being realized in a state of
exception from the rules and organization of the historic object - the architecture accents the historic object and heightens its worth.